How Infrared Heating Works
Much more than just hot air: Differences between conventional and infrared heaters
All conventional heating systems, such as wood, gas, pellets, oil or heat pumps, work according to the principle of convection heat. Applying convection heat means heating the air in a room, which then, in turn, warms the people and objects in the room. This principle leads to an uneven and usually uncomfortable distribution of heat within the room as well as high heat losses due to air constantly flowing in and out of the room.
As warm air rises up, convection heat further causes low temperatures near the floor and high temperatures near the ceiling. This means that, before people in the room can even begin to feel warm, the entire air volume within the room has to be heated. Whenever one opens a window while heating, part of this warm air escapes the room and has to be heated yet again. Additionally, the high differences in temperature between the floor and the ceiling areas cause air and dust swirls, which may be especially problematic for allergic or sensitive people. Heating the air further results in uncomforatably low humidity.
And how do infrared heaters work?
Infrared heaters, on the other hand, do not warm the air but instead use direct heat, warming the walls as well as all bodies and objects within a room. The heat stored withing these walls and the furniture is then re-emitted evenly. All this constitutes a completely natural process, just like when heating with a tile stove or when basking in the sun. When using an infrared heater, people in the room will start to feel warm mere minutes after turning the panels on while the air will not be overheated and thus dried out. Neither will there be any air or dust swirls as the heat is distributed evenly within the room. Opening a window, fresh air can be let in without any adverse effects as the heating effect is independent of the air temperature and flow. Thanks to the heat emitted by the infrared heater itself as well as the heated objects within the room, the perceived room temperature is about 2-3° C warmer than when using convection heating. This means that, in comparison, shorter heating periods and lower target temperatures are required to achieve the same heating effect. The gentle infrared heat thus allows for more comfort and reduced heating costs thanks to its faster heating effect as well as fewer required hours of operation.
Our Heat4All ICONIC panels perfectly combine all these advantages in comparison to conventional heating systems by exclusively incorporating top-notch materials and making sure our products comply with only the highest standards of quality.
Inefficient heat distribution when using convention heating
Efficient heat distribution when using infrared heating
Disadvantages of convection heating
- High purchase costs
- Ongoing maintenance costs
- Low durability and high replacement costs
- Additional costs for electricity and other operational costs such as chimney sweeper services etc.
- Unfavourable temperature distribution within the room (cold at the floor, hot below the ceiling)
- High energy losses due to high ventilation losses (30-40%)
- Unhealthy room climate due to dust swirls and dry air
- Additional space requirements due to the storage requirements of pellets, oil etc.
- Very high energy losses due to the heat being generated in an external room